Unfortunately, this process has changed very little over the years and is usually only comprised of gathering the most rudimentary of information from the potential customer (name, address, phone, social security number, account type desired, etc.) and collecting funds/obtaining a signature. The rationale for only collecting the most basic information has been to balance the desire for insight with a respect for the customer's time. This balance becomes even more important in the online world, where a customer can easily abandon the account opening process with little repercussion.
Online Account Opening Abandonment
According to a recent report from Javelin Strategy & Research entitled, 2011 Online Account Opening: Faulty Process Hobbles FIs in the Battle for Customer Acquisition Profitability and Retention banks lost close to $1 billion and 5.8 million customers due online abandonment during the account opening process over the past year. In fact, it was found that only 53% of new account applicants were able to successfully open and fund their new accounts. While some may later go to a branch, many new customers may be lost forever.
The research underscored the importance of delivering a fast and relatively simple account opening process for online/mobile consumers. "Most people open accounts online because they expect it to be faster and more convenient than doing it over the phone or visiting a branch," says Mark Schwanhausser, senior analyst with Javelin. To succeed, Javelin outlined two primary areas of focus:
- Reduce abandonment rates by focusing on usability and simplicity to minimize points of friction.
- Reduce rejection rates for qualified consumers by upgrading and optimizing identity and funding verification.
This creates an interesting dilemma for banks where every new online and branch based customer could be worth hundreds of dollars in annual revenue and where understanding the new customer is paramount to an enhanced customer experience. On the other hand, the information collected needs to be accurate.
Social Sign-In (SSI) as a Potential Solution
Social sign-in could provide a viable and highly profitable enhancement to the traditional new account opening process. With a single click, anyone who has already registered on Facebook, LinkedIn or most other social networks could have a significant amount of required information transferred to the new account form in addition to insights associated with the social network.
"With social sign-in, there is greater engagement and companies have access to richer profile information because the data elements collected on social networks are more extensive than what firms usually request from customers," states eMarketer principal analyst Jeffrey Grau in his report Social Commerce: Personalized and Collaborative Shopping Experience. When a consumer gives permission to access personal (or business) data on Facebook or another social network, the bank can see more about what these people like and their interests. And the insight can be updated over time as opposed to traditional collection techniques where the insight goes stale.
While banking is definitely different than retail from a consumer's perspective of need for privacy, two-thirds of respondents to the Janrain study preferred social sign-in to completing an entirely new registration form. Interestingly, according to Forrester and Nielsen, the people who preferred social sign-in were also more valuable as consumers and more likely to be active on social networks.
"Consumers are frustrated with the traditional online registration process and will favor brands that make it easy for them to be recognized . . . the rapid growth of social media has dramatically impacted consumer's expectations of websites . . . ," states Paul Abel, Ph.D, and managing partner of Blue Research.
Social sign-in is not unfamiliar to people who use the web regularly. According to recent statistics from Janrain, Facebook is the most popular choice for sign-ins, used by 39% of consumers, with Google being ranked second with 30%. Even Twitter is used by 8% of the respondents even though this network is used to share 32% of the content.
Movenbank Social Sign-In
While still in the start-up (Alpha) phase, Movenbank is requiring it's first members to register and log in using Facebook. Over a breakfast with Movenbank founder and Bank 2.0 author Brett King a few weeks ago in Chicago, Brett mentioned that the current method of new account application is outdated in today's highly digital environment.
"A customer doesn't want to sit in front of their computer or on their phone completing lengthy forms. A social sign-in provides an easy way for the customer to start the process while providing us more (and probably more accurate) information," said King. He added that he has found no regulatory stipulation for the traditional signature card, and that there would be instant cross referencing of traditional databases (possibly credit bureau data) to help solve identification issues.
Of particular interest to King and Movenbank is the enhanced level of insight provided through the integration with Facebook (and eventually other social networks such as LinkedIn and Twitter). With this insight (and the completion of a relatively short survey), Movenbank can create a 'Financial Personality'. According to King, the intention is to provide a unique customer experience where financial solutions can be developed based on the customer's behavior and lifestyle.
Social sign-in also provides the opportunity for social sharing beyond the 'liking' of a product within a social network. By connecting friends that are using the same social channel (with their permission) people can interact, share experiences and potentially even be involved in the product development process. In my breakfast with Brett King he mentioned the possibility of customer panels that can digitally interact and make the Movenbank experience 'richer'.
Security and Privacy Concerns
Along with almost any discussion around social media and banking come security and privacy concerns. How will the bank (or retail site) use my personal information on Facebook or another social sign-in site? How will my information (and identity) be secure?
Movenbank addressed some of the concerns in a recent blog post stating that Facebook would not be the sole source of information used for setting up an account or determining your needs. In addition, the customer would control what insight is collected and shared. As Finextra stated in a recent post dealing with the issue of security, Movenbank (and others) need to tread carefully when accessing personal data.
Consumer concerns are evident in the comments to a recent blog post in the Harvard Business Review by Larry Drebes, founding member of the non-profit OpenID Foundation and CEO of Janrain. While his blog post is definitely a bit biased towards the benefits and growth of social sign-in, the comments of readers illustrated the sensitivity of people around privacy and the return they need to get for the sharing of their social history. One reader stated, "Marketers are digging the hole for the intelligence community's future mass data-mine, and ordinary people will get the shaft".
Probably the best response to the HBR post was from a gentleman who stated that each time he is asked for a social sign-in, he needs to balance the benefits with the potential 'risks'. He stated, "Over the past few years , online offerings have become increasingly rich and complicated. I am a heavy consumer of online services and have used social media sign-ins on a number of occasions, Any time I am faced with logging in, I have to look at; 1) The cost in time and effort of completing a new registration, and 2) The value of my information I am asked to ante up". He continued, "My hypothesis is that the entities that are offering social sign-ins right now are more sophisticated in the social space and realize there is a fundamental shift in the way businesses interact with their customers online.
To help alleviate some of the public's concern over both privacy and security of information associated with social sign-ins, the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC) has been established by the White House to improve on the password and log in process on the web. This organization is a collaboration of both private, public and consumer organizations established to develop a common 'Identity Ecosystem that benefits all constituents.
Whether social sign-ins are a 'data capture deal changer as presented by Loren McDonald from Silverpop in a recent blog post or a non-starter as some will profess, it is clear that the sharing of personal information is a value exchange between the potential customer and the business/bank. If a clear value enhancement proposition is not offered in exchange for the insight (or social network) requested, we will be relegated to traditional data collection with the inherit application abandonment that is costing our industry billions of dollars and millions of customers annually.
I would love to hear your thoughts on what Movenbank is doing with Facebook sign-in integration and on the concept of using social sign-ins to enhance and streamline online new account opening. I would also love to hear what enhancements to your current product solutions could be provided with the enhanced insight collected?